Talessman’s Atlas of World History

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Ancient Era Maps:

BC

| 1300 BC | 1200 BC | 1000 BC | 700 BC | 625 BC600 BC  |  550 BC  |  527 BC  |  500 BC  |  400 BC  |

350 BC  |  335 BC  |  323 BC  |  300 BC  |  250 BC  |  200 BC  |  150 BC  |  100 BC  |  050 BC  |

AD

001 AD  |  050 AD  |  100 AD  |  150 AD  |  200 AD  |  270  AD  |  300 AD  |  400 AD  |  420 AD  |  450 AD  |

475 AD  |  476 AD  |  477 AD  |  480 AD  |  486 AD  |

 

Medieval Era Maps:

AD

500 AD  |  525 AD  |  565 AD  |  600 AD  |  610 AD  |  700 AD  |  750 AD  |  800 AD  |  900 AD  |  1000 AD  |

1025 AD  |  1075 AD  |  1100 AD  |  1150 AD  |  1200 AD  |  1250 AD  |  1300 AD  |  1350 AD  |  1400 AD  |  1450 AD  |

 

Modern Era Maps:

AD

1500 AD  |

 

 


 

Medieval Era Maps:࠼/span>500 AD to 1500 AD

 

 

500 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_500ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 10-10-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_500ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The World in 500 CE伯span>.࠼/span>Pgs 50-51.

2.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

༯span>࠼/span>3.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼯span>South Ch'i & North Wei Dynasties in 500 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Harvard University Press 1935.࠼/span>Available at http://huhai.net.

4.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠEuratlas-N쳳li, rue du Milieu 30, 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

5.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212. Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG" title="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG">The_world_in_500_CE䮍 Available on Wikipedia.

   6. Denis BellemareHistorical Atlas of Late Antiquity. See specific references below.

7.͊Wikipedia. Various history articles (noted below).

 

I - African information:

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa䮠(Pg 160).

ࠠࠠࠠ (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur, Khoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠNilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

* North African borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Maps of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* Nubian/Sudanese borders (Makuria, Nobatia, Alodia, Blemmyes, Bega, Axum, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of ㎯rtheast Africa c. 500 CE". (Pg. 161)

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Denis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Map of "Southern Arabia in 540 AD

* Ghana's location and estimated border is from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

          2. Chow Ka Fat.  "A Chronology of World Political History (1-500 CE)". Reference 3rd century: Berbers found the Kingdom of Ghana.

* North African borders are from a comparison of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.Denis Bellemare.  Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity.  Maps of "Northwest Africa in 500 AD” and “Northeast Africa in 500 AD”.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䮼/span>


II - Asian Information

* Arabian borders & Tribal locations:

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>The information shown in these maps conflicts, even taking the 40-year difference between them.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠI used information in various Wikipedia articles to reconcile the sources and depict the locations to the best of my abilities.

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The MidEastWeb.org map of Arabia in 500 CE.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Denis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Maps of "Southern Arabia in 540 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/f540.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/f540.html">North Arabia in 540 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. User:Slackerlawstudent. Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tribes_english.png" target="_blank" title="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tribes_english.png">Pre-Islamic Arab tribal locations䮠Available on Wikipedia.

* East Asian borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠ༯span>1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼯span>South Ch'i & North Wei Dynasties in 500 AD

* Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Maps of "The Gupta-Vakataka Age, c. A.D. 300-500"

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠand "The age of Pusyabhuti and Calukyan ascendancy, c. A.D. 550-700".

* Hephthalite borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. North borders: History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼯span>South Ch'i & North Wei Dynasties in 500 AD

༯span>ࠠࠠࠠ2. East borders: Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of͊"Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE".

* Japanese Islands :

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of "State Formation in Korea & Japan to 650 CE"; (Pg 264)

* Korean borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Park Hyeon. Map of 㼯span>History_of_Korea-476. Available on Wikipedia.

* Rouran/Juan-Juan Khaganate:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼯span>South Ch'i & North Wei Dynasties in 500 AD

* Persian Empire (Sassanid Dynasty):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Eastern borders are from: John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. North & West borders are from: Euratlas. Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe. Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䮍

* Southeast Asia (Indochina, Indonesia, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia. Map of 㼯span>Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650䮠(Pg 30)

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition. Map of " Southeast Asia to 650 CE". (Pg 241)


III - European Information
* European borders are mostly derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ Note: User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible discrepancies in my north European borders,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ compared to the Euratlas maps, due to the differences in the geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/500 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

          3. Denis Bellemare.  Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity.  Maps of "West Europe", "East Europe", and "North Europe" in 500 AD"

* British Isles & Ireland (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romano-Celts, etc.) are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. David Nash Ford. Early British Kingdoms. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Britain in 500 AD伯span>.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. User:Briangotts'. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Britain_500_CE䮍 Available on Wikipedia.

 

Note: Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Regnal Chronologies by Bruce Gordon.

 


 

510 AD

  Map location:  (Not yet available)

 


 

525 AD

  Map location:  (Not yet available)

 


 

535 AD

  Map location:  (Not yet available)

 


 

550 AD

  Map location:  (Not yet available)

 


 

565 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_565ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 7-10-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_565ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The World in 500 CE伯span>, (Pg 50-51)

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>(More specific DK references below)

2.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/565 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

༯span>࠼/span>3.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Maps of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>The Divisions of China, 560 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/26-27.jpg" title="http://map.huhai.net/26-27.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Harvard University Press 1935.࠼/span>Available at http://huhai.net.

4.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Maps of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠEuratlas-N쳳li, rue du Milieu 30, 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

5.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212. Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG" title="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG">The_world_in_500_CE䮍 Available on Wikipedia.

6.͊Wikipedia. Various history articles (noted below).

 

I - African information:

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa䮠(Pg 160).

ࠠࠠࠠ (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur, Khoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠNilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

* North African borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Maps of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* Nubian/Sudanese borders (Makuria, Nobatia, Alodia, Blemmyes, Bega, Axum, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of ㎯rtheast Africa c. 500 CE". (Pg. 161)

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Denis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Map of "Southern Arabia in 540 AD

* Ghana's location and estimated border is from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. "Countries of the World 1/1/565 CE." (See #2 under Primary Sources)

* North African borders are from a comparison of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Denis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Comparison of 㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c540.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c540.html">North Africa in 540 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html">North Africa in 580 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. ワuntries of the World in 1/1/565 CE.䠨see #2 under Primary Sources)

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>


II - Asian Information

* Arabian borders & Tribal locations:

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>The information shown in these maps conflicts, even taking the 40-year difference between them.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠI used information in various Wikipedia articles to reconcile the sources and depict the locations to the best of my abilities.

ࠠࠠ ࠠ1. The MidEastWeb.org map of Arabia in 500 CE.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Denis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Maps of "Southern Arabia in 540 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/f540.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/f540.html">North Arabia in 540 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. User:Slackerlawstudent. Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tribes_english.png" target="_blank" title="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tribes_english.png">Pre-Islamic Arab tribal locations䮠Available on Wikipedia.

* East Asian borders (Chen, Northern Zhou, Northern Qi, etc.) are from:

ࠠࠠࠠ ༯span>1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The Divisions of China, 530 & 560 AD䮼/span>

* Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500 BCE . Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/565 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Maps of "The Gupta-Vakataka Age, c. A.D. 300-500"

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠand "The age of Pusyabhuti and Calukyan ascendancy, c. A.D. 550-700".

* Japanese Islands :

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of "State Formation in Korea & Japan to 650 CE"; (Pg 264)

* Korean borders are derived from:࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Park Hyeon. Map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-576.png">History of Korea-576䮠Available on Wikipedia.

* Persian Empire (Sassanid Dynasty):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500 BCE . Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/565 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

* Southeast Asia (Indochina, Indonesia, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia. Map of 㼯span>Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650䮠(Pg 30)

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition. Map of " Southeast Asia to 650 CE". (Pg 241)


III - European Information

* European borders are mostly derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas. Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html" title="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䠨and to a lesser extent, their map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html" title="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0500.html">Europe in 500 AD䩮

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ Note: User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible discrepancies in my north European borders,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ compared to the Euratlas maps, due to the differences in the geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500 BCE . Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/565 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ༯span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ Note:࠼/span>My map shows Avar borders extender further west.࠼/span>My border is partially derived from Wikipediaⳍ

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ article 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_Avars#Arrival_in_Europe" target="_blank">Eurasian Avars: Arrival in Europe䬠which says the Avars reached the Baltic Sea after 559 AD, then

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ battled the Franks unsuccessfully in Thuringia, before they invaded the Gepid kingdom.

* British Isles & Ireland (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romano-Celts, etc.) are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. ༯span>David Nash Ford. Early British Kingdoms. Maps of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Britain in 550 AD伯span> and 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Britain in 575 AD伯span>.

 

IV - Australian Information

ࠠ࠼/span>1. The DK Atlas of World History. 2000 edition. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The World in 500 CE伯span>. (Pg 50-51).

ࠠ࠼/span>2. User:Javierfv1212. Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG" title="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:The_world_in_500_CE.PNG">The_world_in_500_CE䮍 Available on Wikipedia.

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

600 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_600ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 7-13-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_600ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>(See specific references below)

2.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Harvard University Press 1935.࠼/span>Available at http://huhai.net.

4.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠEuratlas-N쳳li, rue du Milieu 30, 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

 

I - African information:

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Development of Complex Societies in Africa䮍 (Pg 160).

ࠠࠠࠠ (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠKhoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes, Nilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

* North African borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Dennis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Map of࠼/span>㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html">North Africa in 580 AD䮍

 

II - Asian information:

* Chinese Empire (Sui Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/36.jpg">The Sui Dynasty, 581-618 A.D.䍊

* G櫴urk Khaganates (Eastern & Western) derive from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. User:Briangotts.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Gokturkut.png">G櫴urk Khaganates, c. 600 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

ࠠࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>My map shows the Western G櫴urk borders extended further north and west than depicted

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊in the first two source maps above.͊The reason is described in the WikipediaⳠarticle about the G櫴urks

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊(and other sources), which describes G櫴urk campaigns to the Black sea in 567 and 576 AD, and a

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊Caucasian campaign during the 3rd Perso-Turkic war (627-629 AD).

* Indian Kingdoms and borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Age of Pusyabhutis and Calukyans, c. A.D. 550-700䮠(Pg 26)

* Japanese Islands :

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of "State Formation in Korea & Japan to 650 CE"; (Pg 264)

* Korean Borders are derived a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Park Hyeon. (Wikipedia User:Historiographer). Maps of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-576.png">Korea in 576䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-646.png">Korea in 646䮍

* Persian Empire (Sassanid Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Eastern borders are from: Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Western borders are from: Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* Southeast Asian kingdoms are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650䮠(Pg 30)

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition. Map of " Southeast Asia to 650 CE". (Pg 241)

 

III - European information:

* European borders are mostly derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

* Avar Khaganate borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* British Isles & Ireland (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romano-Celts, etc.) are derived from:

 ࠠࠠࠠ1. David Nash Ford. Early British Kingdoms. Map of 㼡 href="http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/maps/600_kingdoms.html">Britain in 600 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

610 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_610ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 7-15-2008  

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_610ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>(See specific references below)

2.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/610CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Harvard University Press 1935.࠼/span>Available at http://huhai.net.

4.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠEuratlas-N쳳li, rue du Milieu 30, 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

 

I - African information:

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 160.

ࠠࠠࠠ (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur, Khoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠNilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

* North African borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Dennis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Map of࠼/span>㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html">North Africa in 580 AD䮍

 

II - Asian information:

* Chinese Empire (Tang Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/36.jpg">The Sui Dynasty, 581-618 A.D.䍊

* G櫴urk Khaganates (Eastern & Western) derive from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/600CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. User:Briangotts.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Gokturkut.png">G櫴urk Khaganates, c. 600 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

ࠠࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>My map shows the Western G櫴urk borders extended further north and west than depicted

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊in the first two source maps above.͊The reason is described in the WikipediaⳠarticle about the G櫴urks

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊(and other sources), which describes G櫴urk campaigns to the Black sea in 567 and 576 AD, and a

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊Caucasian campaign during the 3rd Perso-Turkic war (627-629 AD).

* Indian Kingdoms and borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/610CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Age of Pusyabhutis & Calukyans, A.D. 550-700䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 26.

* Japanese Islands :

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of "State Formation in Korea & Japan to 650 CE"; (Pg 264)

* Korean Borders are derived a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Park Hyeon. (Wikipedia User:Historiographer). Maps of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-576.png">Korea in 576䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-646.png">Korea in 646䮍

* Persian Empire (Sassanid Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Eastern borders are from: Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Western borders are from: Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* Southeast Asian kingdoms are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 30.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition. Map of " Southeast Asia to 650 CE".࠼/span>Pg 241.

* Tibetan Empire borders are partially derived from

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/610 CE."

 

III - European information:

* European borders are mostly derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/610 CE."

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

* Avar Khaganate borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/610 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* British Isles & Ireland (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romano-Celts, etc.) are derived from:

 ࠠࠠࠠ1. David Nash Ford. Early British Kingdoms. Map of 㼡 href="http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/maps/600_kingdoms.html">Britain in 600 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

620 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_620ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 7-29-2008  

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_620ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>(See specific references below)

2.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Harvard University Press 1935.࠼/span>Available at http://huhai.net.

4.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠEuratlas-N쳳li, rue du Milieu 30, 1400 Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland

 

I - African information:

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of 㼳pan style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 160.

ࠠࠠࠠ (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur, Khoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes,

ࠠࠠࠠࠠNilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

* North African borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Dennis Bellemare. Historical Atlas of Late Antiquity. Map of࠼/span>㼡 href="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html" title="http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6200/carto/c580.html">North Africa in 580 AD䮍

 

II - Asian information:

* Chinese Empire (Sui Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/36.jpg">The Sui Dynasty, 581-618 A.D.䍊

* G櫴urk Khaganates (Eastern & Western) derive from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China. Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. User:Briangotts.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Gokturkut.png">G櫴urk Khaganates, c. 600 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

ࠠࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>My map shows the Western G櫴urk borders extended further north and west than depicted

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊in the first two source maps above.͊The reason is described in the WikipediaⳠarticle about the G櫴urks

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊(and other sources), which describes G櫴urk campaigns to the Black sea in 567 and 576 AD, and a

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ͊Caucasian campaign during the 3rd Perso-Turkic war (627-629 AD).

* Indian Kingdoms and borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Age of Pusyabhutis & Calukyans, A.D. 550-700䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 26.

* Japanese Islands :

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. The DK Atlas of World History. Map of "State Formation in Korea & Japan to 650 CE".࠼/span>Pg 264.

* Korean Borders are derived a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Park Hyeon. (Wikipedia User:Historiographer). Maps of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-576.png">Korea in 576䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-646.png">Korea in 646䮍

* Persian Empire (Sassanid Dynasty) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Eastern borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ a - Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Western borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠍ a - Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* Southeast Asian kingdoms are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼯span>Southeast Asia to c. A.D. 650䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 30.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition. Map of " Southeast Asia to 650 CE". (Pg 241)

* Tibetan Empire borders are partially derived from

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

 

III - European information:

* European borders are mostly derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

* Avar Khaganate borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/620 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/34-35.jpg">Asia in 610 AD䍊

ࠠࠠࠠ 3. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

* British Isles & Ireland (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romano-Celts, etc.) are derived from:

 ࠠࠠࠠ1. David Nash Ford. Early British Kingdoms. Map of 㼡 href="http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/maps/625_kingdoms.html">Britain in 625 AD䮼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0600.html">Europe in 600 AD䮼/span>

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

630 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 

 

 


 

640 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 

 

 


 

650 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 

 

 


 

700 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_700ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 8-11-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_700ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History,࠼/span>2000 edition.͊Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_700_CE.PNG">World_Map_700_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

 

I - African information

* Anbiya is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠb - Map of 㼳pan lang=EN style='mso-ansi-language:EN;mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 160.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212. ༯span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_700_CE.PNG">World_Map_700_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Ghana is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* North African borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* Sao Civilization (collapsing) is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>Wikipedia.࠼/span>Article about the 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sao_(civilization)">Sao Civilization䮍

 

II - Asian Information

Asian information is derived primarily from these sources:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 4.͊User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_700_CE.PNG">World_Map_700_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Arab Empire (Umayyad Caliphate) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

* Caucasian borders (inc. Abkhasia, Alans, Iberian Emirate, & Lazica)

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

* Central Asia & Steppe Tribes are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* Chinese Empire (Tang Dynasty) borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Map of "Pusyabhuti & Calukyan ascendancy c. 550-700 AD".

ࠠࠠ ࠠࠠ࠼/span>b - Map of 㼯span>Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas, and Rastrakutas, c. A.D. 700-975

* Japanese Islands information is from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e First Empires of Japan 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 264.

* Khazar Khanate borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson. ༯span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* Korean & Manchurian information is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>Park Hyeon.࠼/span>Historical Maps of Korea.࠼/span>Maps of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-676.png">Korea in 676 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-732.png">Korea in 732 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Kwarezm, Gilan, & Tabaristan borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* Roman (Byzantine) Empire borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

* Southeast Asia (including modern Indo-China, Indonesia, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㓯utheast Asia, 650-1250 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 245.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/fullscreen.html?object=073">Southeast Asia, C. 650-1250 AD䮍

* Tibetan Empire borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>User:Porikolpok_Oxom created this map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Kamarupa_7th-8th_Century_AD.jpg">Kamarupa_7th-8th_Century_AD.jpg䬍 depicting different borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠfor Kamarupa, Gauda, Tripura, and Manipur.

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔡ng China & its neighbors c. 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 262.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>The DK Atlas depicts Tibet Ⳡborders (c. 800 AD) including northern India for the entire length of

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>the Ganges river, including Kamarupa, Bengal , Magadha , etc., under control of Tibet .

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>HerrmannⳠmap depicts Tibetan control over Kamarupa, Bengal, and Pala in 750 AD

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.͊John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>NelsonⳠmap depicts Tibetan control only over the Tibetan plateau region.

ࠠࠠࠠ 4.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of "Pusyabhuti & Calukyan ascendancy c. 550-700 AD".

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>Map notes that Tibetan King Songts䮠Gampo (582?-650 AD) conquered Nepal and Kamarupa, and invaded Tirabhukti.

ࠠࠠࠠ 5.࠼/span>Alex McKay.࠼/span>㼡 href="http://books.google.com/books?id=DVZ0gdBp6u0C&pg=PA53&lpg=PA53&dq=tibet+empire&source=web&ots=qUNjpSce4y&sig=oE052R7UozOytJcoZyQ-7O8uAic&hl=en#PPA54,M1">The History of Tibet: Vol 1, Early Period to 850 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 54.͊(ISBN:0415308429)

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>States that Nepal Licchavi Dynasty became vassals of Tibet in the early 600s AD, and notes that the Pala Empire

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ under King Dharmapala accepted Tibetan overlordship.

ࠠࠠࠠ 6.͊S. Chand.࠼/span>㼡 href="http://books.google.com/books?id=piM_6VnSSd0C&pg=PA632&lpg=PA632&dq=kamarupa+tibet&source=web&ots=NJdbPru9XL&sig=KLOuDwgloVDL2GlXGO25b61K0Io&hl=en#PPA632,M1">Ancient India䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 632.࠼/span>Available through Google books.࠼/span>(ISBN:8121908876)

༯span>ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>Describes Tibetan activities in India during the reign of King Songts䮠Gampo of Tibet and King Harsha Vardhana

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ of Kannauj.࠼/span>Also describes Tibetan sovereignty over Kamarupa and Kannauj after the death of King Harsha.

ࠠࠠࠠ 7.͊Wikipedia.࠼/span>Articles about 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Tibet">History of Tibet䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songts%25C3%25A4n_Gampo">Songts䮠Gampo䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>The articles state that Tibet & Nepal led a joint attack on HarshaⳠsuccessor in 648 AD, and subjugated

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠnorthern India in retaliation for an Indian attack on a Chinese envoy named Xuanzang.

ࠠࠠ ࠠ8.࠼/span>RA Stein.࠼/span>㔩betan Civilization䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>(Revised English edition, 1972).࠼/span>Pg 62.͊

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>( Stanford University Press, p. 62. ISBN 0-8047-0806-1 cloth; ISBN 0-8047-0901-7 pbk., pp. 58-59)

ࠠࠠࠠ 9.͊ New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Oct 2001.͊Timeline of Art History.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Section on the 㼡 href="http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/06/ssh/ht06ssh.htm">Himalayan Region, 500-1000 AD䮍

 

III - European Information

* European borders are mostly derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1. Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0700.html">Europe in 700 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠNote:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>compared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2. John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE.࠼/span>Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

750 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

  


 

800 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_800ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 8-17-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_800ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History,࠼/span>2000 edition.͊Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮼/span>

4.࠼/span>Wikipedia.͊Several various articles and a combination of these two maps:

ࠠࠠࠠ a - User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼳pan lang=EN style='mso-ansi-language:EN'>The_world_in_750_CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ b - User:Briangotts.࠼/span>Map of the 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_820.png">World_820.png䮍

 

I - African information

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠb - Map of 㼳pan lang=EN style='mso-ansi-language:EN;mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 160.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼳pan lang=EN style='mso-ansi-language:EN'>The_world_in_750_CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Ghana , Anbiya, & Gao are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* North African borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

* Sao Civilization (collapsing) is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>Wikipedia.࠼/span>Article about the 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sao_(civilization)">Sao Civilization䮍

 

II - Asian Information

* Asian information is derived primarily from these sources:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

ࠠ ࠠࠠ4.͊User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_700_CE.PNG">World_Map_700_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Arab Empire (Abbasid Caliphate) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮍

* Central Asia & Steppe Tribes are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ ࠠ2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* Chinese Empire (Tang Dynasty) borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

* Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500 BCE . Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Map of "The Age of Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas, & Rastrakutas, c. A.D. 700-975".

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠb - Map of 㼡 href="http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/pager.html?object=070">Islamic Expansion & Western views of SE Asia, 7th-12th centuries䮍

* Japanese Islands information is from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e First Empires of Japan 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 264.

* Khazar Khanate borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

* Korean & Manchurian information:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>Park Hyeon.࠼/span>Historical Maps of Korea.࠼/span>Maps of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-732.png">Korea in 732 AD䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-830s.png">Korea in 830 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

* Roman (Byzantine) Empire borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

* Southeast Asia (including Champa, Chenla, Dvaravati, Nanzhao, Pyu, modern Indonesia, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㓯utheast Asia, 650-1250 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 245.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/fullscreen.html?object=073">Southeast Asia, C. 650-1250 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

* Tibetan Empire borders are derived from a combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠNote:࠼/span>User:Porikolpok_Oxom created this map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Kamarupa_7th-8th_Century_AD.jpg">Kamarupa_7th-8th_Century_AD.jpg䬍 which depicts different borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>for Kamarupa, Gauda, Tripura, and Manipur.

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔡ng China & its neighbors c. 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 262.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>The DK Atlas depicts Tibet Ⳡborders (c. 800 AD) including northern India for the entire length of

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>the Ganges river, including Kamarupa, Bengal , Magadha , etc., under control of Tibet .

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/38-39.jpg">Asia in 750 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>HerrmannⳠmap depicts Tibetan control over Kamarupa, Bengal, and Pala in 750 AD

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.͊John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/700 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>NelsonⳠmap depicts Tibetan control only over the Tibetan plateau region.

ࠠࠠࠠ 4.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of "Pusyabhuti & Calukyan ascendancy c. 550-700 AD".

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>Map notes that Tibetan King Songts䮠Gampo (582?-650 AD) conquered Nepal and Kamarupa, and invaded Tirabhukti.

ࠠࠠࠠ 5. ༯span>Alex McKay.࠼/span>㼡 href="http://books.google.com/books?id=DVZ0gdBp6u0C&pg=PA53&lpg=PA53&dq=tibet+empire&source=web&ots=qUNjpSce4y&sig=oE052R7UozOytJcoZyQ-7O8uAic&hl=en#PPA54,M1">The History of Tibet: Vol 1, Early Period to 850 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 54.͊(ISBN:0415308429)

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>States that Nepal Licchavi Dynasty became vassals of Tibet in the early 600s AD.࠼/span>Also notes the Pala Empire

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ under King Dharmapala accepted Tibetan overlordship.

ࠠࠠࠠ 6.͊S. Chand.࠼/span>㼡 href="http://books.google.com/books?id=piM_6VnSSd0C&pg=PA632&lpg=PA632&dq=kamarupa+tibet&source=web&ots=NJdbPru9XL&sig=KLOuDwgloVDL2GlXGO25b61K0Io&hl=en#PPA632,M1">Ancient India䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 632.࠼/span>Available through Google books.࠼/span>(ISBN:8121908876)

༯span>ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ Note:࠼/span>Describes Tibetan activities in India during the reign of King Songts䮠Gampo of Tibet and King Harsha Vardhana

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ of Kannauj.࠼/span>Also describes Tibetan sovereignty over Kamarupa and Kannauj after the death of King Harsha.

ࠠࠠࠠ 7. ༯span>Wikipedia.࠼/span>Articles about 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Tibet">History of Tibet䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songts%25C3%25A4n_Gampo">Songts䮠Gampo䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:͊The articles state that Tibet & Nepal led a joint attack on HarshaⳠsuccessor in 648 AD, and subjugated

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠnorthern India in retaliation for an Indian attack on a Chinese envoy named Xuanzang.

ࠠࠠࠠ 8.͊RA Stein.࠼/span>㔩betan Civilization䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>(Revised English edition, 1972).࠼/span> Stanford University Press, Pg 62.࠼/span>

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>(ISBN 0-8047-0806-1 cloth; ISBN 0-8047-0901-7 pbk., pp. 58-59)

ࠠࠠࠠ 9.͊ New York : The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Oct 2001.͊Timeline of Art History.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>Section on the 㼡 href="http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/06/ssh/ht06ssh.htm">Himalayan Region, 500-1000 AD䮍

* Uyghur Khaganate information is derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0800.html">Europe in 800 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/800 CE."

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

850 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

900 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_900ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊ 8-23-2008

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_900ad.jpg:

1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.

2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at www.WorldHistoryMaps.com.

3.࠼/span>Euratlas.࠼/span>Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

4.͊Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.

5.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_900_CE.PNG">World_Map_900_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

 

I - African information

* African Tribal locations are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Maps of ㉳lam & New States in Africa䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 162-163.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠb - Map of 㼳pan lang=EN style='mso-ansi-language:EN;mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>The Development of Complex Societies in Africa 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 160.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠc - Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠd - Map of 㔨e World in 1000 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 58-59.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>User:Javierfv1212.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:World_Map_900_CE.PNG">World_Map_900_CE.PNG䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.͊Wikipedia.࠼/span>Articles related to peoples and states depicted in the map.

* Ghana , Anbiya, & Gao are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* North African borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

 

II - Asian Information

* Arab Empire (Abbasid Caliphate) borders are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

* Central Asia & Steppe Tribes are derived from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/44.jpg">Manchuria under Liao Dynasty, 937-1125 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ ࠠ2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e World in 750 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pgs 54-55.

* Chinese Empire (Tang Dynasty) borders are from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Albert Herrmann, Ph.D.࠼/span>History & Commercial Atlas of China.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://map.huhai.net/41.jpg">The Five Dynasties, 907-960 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>

* Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson. Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500 BCE . Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Combination of:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠa - Map of "The Age of Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas, & Rastrakutas, c. A.D. 700-975".

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠb - Map of 㼡 href="http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/pager.html?object=070">Islamic Expansion & Western views of SE Asia, 7th-12th centuries䮍

* Japanese Islands information is from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.͊The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition.࠼/span>Map of 㔨e First Empires of Japan 䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 264.

* Khazar Khanate borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

* Korean & Manchurian information:

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠNote:࠼/span>My two sources for Korea in 900 AD (listed here) conflict with each other and show different information. Upon

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠ࠼/span>studying both sources, along with additional information from Wikipedia, I decided to go with the borders depicted.

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>Park Hyeon.࠼/span>Historical Maps of Korea.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:History_of_Korea-901.png">Korea in 901 AD䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Available on Wikipedia.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>Wikipedia. ༯span>Articles about the 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Later_Three_Kingdoms">Later Three Kingdoms䍊 of 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubaekje">Hubaekje䠡nd 㼡 href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taebong">Taebong䮍

* Roman (Byzantine) Empire borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

* Southeast Asia (including Champa, Chenla, Dvaravati, Nanzhao, Pyu, modern Indonesia, etc.):

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.࠼/span>The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.࠼/span>Map of 㓯utheast Asia, 650-1250 CE䮼span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>࠼/span>Pg 245.

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>Joseph Schwartzberg.࠼/span>The Historical Atlas of South Asia.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/fullscreen.html?object=073">Southeast Asia, C. 650-1250 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 3.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

* Roman (Byzantine) Empire borders:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_0900.html">Europe in 900 AD䮍

ࠠࠠࠠ 2.࠼/span>John Nelson.࠼/span>Interactive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the "Countries of the World 1/1/900 CE."

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies

 

3. Fringe areas like Africa , Australia , Siberia , etc. derive from Wikipedia World Map in 900 CE, created by User:Javierfv1212.

 

 

 


 

950 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1000 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1000ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1000ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1000.html">Europe in 1000 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

1025 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1025ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1025ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1000.html">Europe in 1000 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

1050 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1075 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1100 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1100ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1100ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1100.html">Europe in 1100 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

 


 

1150 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1200 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1200ad.jpg

࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1200ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1200.html">Europe in 1200 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

Note:࠼/span>Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

 

 

5. The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition, map of Eastern Hemisphere in 1200 AD (Page ?) was also used to add additional information to this map.

 


 

1225 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1250 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1300 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1300ad.jpg

 ࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1300ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1300.html">Europe in 1300 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

 


 

1350 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

1400 AD

  Map location:  http://www.worldhistorymaps.info/images/East-Hem_1400ad.jpg

 ࠼/span>Updated:͊

 

Primary Sources for East-Hem_1400ad.jpg:

 

 

I - African information

 

II - Asian Information

 

III - European Information

* European information is derived primarily from:

ࠠࠠࠠ 1.͊Euratlas.͊Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe.࠼/span>Map of 㼡 href="http://www.euratlas.com/history_europe/europe_map_1400.html">Europe in 1400 AD䮍

ࠠࠠ࠼/span>Note:࠼/span>User:Bogomolov.PL has discovered possible errors in some of my European borders

ࠠࠠࠠࠠࠠcompared to this source, due to the different geographical layout of the maps.

 

 


 

1450 AD

  Map location:  (Not currently available)

 


 

 

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