World map 400 BC

Map by: Thomas Lessman


Primary Sources for East-Hem_400bc.jpg:

  1.   The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 edition.  (See specific references below)
  2.   John NelsonInteractive Historical Atlas of the World since 500BCE. Map of the “Countries of the World 1/1/400 BCE.”

               World History Maps Inc., Alexandria, VA, 2008. Available at

  1.  The New Penguin Atlas of Ancient History, 2002 edition.  Map of “The Near East in 415 BC ”. (Pg 65)
  2.   User:Briangotts.  Map of the “World_Map_400_BCE.PNG”.  Available on Wikipedia.

I – African information:

   * African Tribal locations are derived from:

  1.  The DK Atlas of World History. Map of “The Development of Complex Societies in Africa”.  Pg 160.

          (Bantus, Berber Tribes, Chadians, Cushites, Daamat, Garamantes, Gur, Khoisan Peoples, Kwa, Libyans, Mandes,

            Nilotic Peoples, West Atlantic Peoples, etc.)

II – Asian information:

   * Greater India (Including modern Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan):

  1.  The DK Atlas of World History.  Map of “The Nanda and Mauryan Empires, 365-181 BCE ”.  Pg 241.
  2.  Joseph Schwartzberg. The Historical Atlas of South Asia. Map of “The Achaemenid Empire and the Magadhan Empire“.

III – European information:

   Note:  Much of my European peoples and tribal locations are derived from:

  1.   The DK Atlas of World History.  Map of “The World in 500 BCE ”.  Pgs 34-35.

               (Baltic Peoples, Finno-Ugrians, Illyrians, Samoyed Peoples, Scythians, Thracians)

  1.   John Haywood. Atlas of the Celtic World. London Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2001; Pgs.30-37.
  2.   User:Briangotts.  Map of the “World_Map_400_BCE.PNG”.  Available on Wikipedia.

Note: Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon’s Regnal Chronologies.

400 BC: After Cyrus has been killed, his Greek mercenaries make their way back to Greece, where Sparta is so impressed with their feats in and march through Persia that they declare war on the Persians.
400 BC: The Carthaginians occupy Malta.
400 BC: The Egyptians successfully revolt against Persian rule.
400 BC: London has its origins as far back as this time.
400 BC: Jōmon period ends in Ancient Japan.

Source: Wikipedia